Who is this Manual for?

This manual was produced to provide hands-on guidance to staff and partners of development organisations that are working in FCS. It contains one section, which provides guidance for facilitators and explains key concepts and key terms. The subsequent 3-Step section is also available as hands-on standalone ield guide to conduct analysis and adaptation of a project working in fragile and conlict-affected situations.

Why should you as a development practitioner worry about conlict and fragility? A short reply is that any project set in a conlict-prone region has an impact on the peace and conlict environment – be it positive or negative, direct or indirect, intentional or unintentional. As a development practitioner, you should be aware of this interaction between your project activities and the local conlict / fragile context and act so that you do not worsen the conlict, but rather maximise your potential contribution to strengthening social cohesion and peace. What it means is that you as an individual and development organisation work in a conlict sensitive manner.

Conlict sensitivity is deined as the ability of an organisation to a) understand the context in which it is operating (including intergroup tensions, the divisive issues and those that have the potential to strengthen social cohesion); b) understand the interaction between its intervention and that context; c) act on that understanding in order to avoid exacerbating a fragile and conlict situation and instead strengthen local capacities for peace. This means paying particular attention to the consequences of the actions, resource transfers, behaviours and messages sent through the project implementation process.

More than 10 years of experience have shown that conlict sensitive project management can be crucial for ensuring that development projects achieve their development goals. Below are some examples from HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation’s experience.

How to use this manual?

The manual is a hands-on guidance to working in fragile and conlictaffected situations and a tool to put in practice conlict sensitivity. It can be applied to all levels, e.g. project, programme or strategy. The 3-Steps of working in fragile and conlict-affected situations (WFCS) can be applied to all interventions of humanitarian aid, development cooperation and conlict transformation/peacebuilding in fragile situations.

Two different versions are available:

For facilitators, focal points and program/project managers
Comprehensive manual (background, preparations for facilitators, key concepts, tool, PCM)

For implementers
3-Steps field guide for project level implementation (introduction and the tool of the 3-Steps Manual)